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  • Indigenous Perspectives - Handout

Initiatives/Resources to Address Sexual Violence

  • Native Women’s Association of Canada (NWAC)

    You Are Not Alone: A Toolkit for Aboriginal Women Escaping Domestic Violence,  Provides Aboriginal women with community safety planning resources to address domestic violence. The toolkit also includes a Who’s Who: Domestic Violence Resource Guide of services available to Aboriginal women in every province and territory.

    Our Spirits Are Not For Sale- A Handbook for Helping Sexually Exploited Aboriginal Women and Girls. The primary purpose of this handbook is to provide information on sexual exploitation and sex trafficking to Aboriginal women who think they may be sexually exploited. The secondary purpose is to provide an overview on best practices for front-line workers who work with exploited Aboriginal women.

  • Eskasoni Mental Health Services and Crisis Line

    Eskasoni First Nation videos by Cassidy Jean McAuliffe featuring Eskasoni Mental Health Services and Crisis Line

  • Moosehide Campaign

    Men taking a stand to end violence against Aboriginal women and children

  • I am a Kind Man Campaign

    Men taking a stand to end violence against Aboriginal women and children

  • Health Canada

    Health Canada has created a brochure to help people cope with emotional reactions to residential school memories.

  • Guide to Mental Health Counselling Services

    For more information on both the Non-Insured Health Benefits and Indian Residential Schools Resolution Health Support programs check out the Guide to Mental Health Counselling Services.

Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women

  • Native Women’s Association of Canada’s Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women Website

    Includes nearly 15 years of reports, campaigns, events and art aimed at bringing #MMIW to the fore.  

  • What Can I Do to Help the Families of Missing and Murdered Aboriginal Women and Girls?

    NWAC Community Resource Guide

  • Walking With Our Sisters Project by Christi Belcourt

  • The REDress Project

    An aesthetic response to the more than 1000 missing and murdered Aboriginal women in Canada” by Jaime Black.

  • Highway of Tears film

    “A documentary looking into the missing and murdered women along a 724 kilometer stretch of highway in northern British Columbia.”

  • Missing and Murdered: Who Killed Alberta Williams

    8-episode Podcast about Alberta Williams, an Indigenous woman who was murdered in 1989. Her case was never solved.

Supporting Youth

  • Native Youth Sexual Health Network (NYSHN)

    An organization “by and for Indigenous youth that works across issues of sexual and reproductive health, rights and justice throughout the United States and Canada.” Projects include: Two-Spirit & Indigenous LGBTQQIA Mentors, Elders & Grandparents Support Circle and Sexy Health Carnival.

  • All My Intimate Relations: Stories of Indigenous Sexuality

    Articles about Indigenous sexuality including moon time, sexuality, puberty, wedding traditions, Two-Spirit identity etc

  • We Matter Campaign

    "We Matter is a national multi-media campaign designed to gather positive messages from people across the country, to offer support for Indigenous youth going through a hard time."

  • Indigenous Ally Toolkit

    The Montreal urban Aboriginal Community Strategy Network has developed a toolkit that breaks down how to be a good ally to Indigenous peoples. 

Two Spirit Resources

  • Wabanaki Two Spirit Alliance on Facebook

    The Wabanaki Two Spirit Alliance strives to “represent the emotional, spiritual, mental and physical well-being and interests of Two Spirits and Indigenous LGBTQ+ individuals and groups in Wabanaki Territory”.

    Wabanaki Two-Spirit Alliance: It Gets Better! video . Click Here

  • Two Spirits, One Voice video, Egale

Root Causes of Violence Against Aboriginal Women

  • Truth and Reconciliation Commission

  • TRC Calls to Action

  • We Are the Children

    Hear Patricia Lewis’ Story of the Shubenacadie Indian Residential School

  • Indian Residential Schools Statement of Apology response in the House of Commons

    Beverley Jacobs, former President, Native Women's Association

  • Journey From the Shadows

    Seven stories from seven Mi'kmaq individuals, survivors and descendents of survivors of Canadian Indian Residential Schools. As the stories unfold we realize that our storytellers are speaking for thousands. They are also leading the way to healing for so many who are not yet ready to speak. Traditional healers, along side western practitioners, provide commentary throughout the video.

  • Podcast of Dr. Sarah Hunt reading a paper entitled ‘Decolonizing the Roots of Rape Culture’

    Dr. Hunt (Kwakwaka’wakw Nation) is an Assistant Professor, First Nations & Indigenous Studies/Geography at the University of British Columbia and a Two Spirit scholar.

  • Displacement and its Impact on Indigenous Women

    video featuring activist Harsha Walia 

  • First Peoples, Second Class Treatment

    The role of racism in the health and well-being of Indigenous peoples in Canada


    Inspired by true events, BEANS is film about a Mohawk girl on the cusp of adolescence who must grow up fast and become her own kind of warrior during the armed stand-off known as the 1990 Oka Crisis.

  • Little Bird

    Little Bird, is a six-part series about a Sixties Scoop Survivor searching for her birth family.

Module Sources

Aboriginal Multi-Media Association, “Mary Two-Axe Early”

Amnesty International

Assembly of First Nations


Conversations with Heidi Marshall, Cheryl Maloney, Claudette Commanda and members of the Mi’kmaq Advisory Committee.

Eskasoni Mental Health

The Globe and Mail, “Sandra Lovelace Nicholas fought for aboriginal women's rights

Government of Canada, The Report on the Royal Commission of Aboriginal Peoples

Heart Wood Center for Community Youth Development, Youth Engagement on the Topic of Sexualized Violence in Nova Scotia

Sarah Hunt, Decolonizing the Roots of Rape Culture: reflections on consent, sexual violence and university campuses

Idle No More

Indigenous Health Working Group of the College of Family Physicians of Canada and Indigenous Physicians Association of Canada; Health and Health Care Implications of Systemic Racism on Indigenous Peoples in Canada

Beverly Jacobs and Andrea J. Williams, Speaking My Truth

Isabelle Knockwood, Out of the Depths, 4th Edition

Library and Archives Canada, “Jeannette Vivian Corbiere Lavell

John McKiggan, “A Tribute to Nora Bernard

Mi’gmawei Mawiomi Secretariat, “Treaty Relationships”

The Mi’kmawey Debert Cultural Centre, Mi’kmawe’l Tan Teli-kina’muemk Teaching About the Mi’kmaq

Mi’kmaq Confederacy of PEI, Creating an Inclusive School Climate for Aboriginal Learners

Mi’kmaw Spirit, “Mi’kmaw Spirituality – Fasting

Mi’kmawey Debert

National Inquiry into Murdered and Missing Indigenous Women and Girls

Native Women’s Association of Canada

Office of Aboriginal Affairs, Government of Nova Scotia

Ontario Native Literacy Coalition, Teachings of the Seven Sacred/Seven Grandfathers

Paq’tnkek Project Implementation Report

Daniel Paul

Janet Silman, Enough is Enough: Aboriginal Women Speak Out

sipeknekatik.ca, “History of Sipekne’katik

Statistics Canada, Shannon Brennan; Violent victimization of Aboriginal women in the Canadian provinces (2009)

Status of Women Canada, “Mary Two-Axe Early

The Thunderbird Partnership Foundation

Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada

Unama'ki College, Cape Breton University

The Union of Nova Scotia Indians, The Confederacy of Mainland Mi’kmaw, and the Native Council of Nova Scotia; The Mi’kmaw Resource Guide

United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner

University of British Columbia (UBC) Indigenous Foundations

Our Eskasoni, “History of Eskasoni

Where Are the Children, “Timeline

Wikipedia, “Canada (AG) v Lavell

Working Effectively with Indigenous Peoples, “First Nation Relationship with the Land